The magnificent Pileated Woodpecker, Dryocopus pileatus, is found in forests across
most of eastern
North America, western Canada and the Pacific Northwest.
With its powerful beak it forages for insects, especially ants and larvae, stripping off bark or hammering into the wood and creating door-shaped cavities. These cavities are sometimes used by other birds for nesting holes. It also feeds on nuts and berries.
It is easy to tell the difference between the female (left) and the male (right). The male has a larger red crown (or cap) and which extends down to the bill as well as a red moustache. The female has a smaller red crown, black forehead and black moustache.
The crow-sized Pileated Woodpecker is one of the continent's largest woodpeckers (17 in/43 cm). It is a year-round resident in the forests in which it dwells.