The Dereila Nature Inn - a cyber nature centre for nature lovers
_____Broadleaf Trees with Opposite, Compound Leaves
The Horse-chestnut, Aesculus hippocastanum
The Horse-chestnut, or Conker Tree, is native to Europe and Asia
and was introduced to North America in the 18th century.
Horse-chestnur tree
The Horse-chestnut has a straight trunk, which often forks, and long, drooping branches. It is a fairly large deciduous tree, growing 60-80 ft/18-24 m tall with a trunk diameter of 1-2.5 ft/.3-.75 m.
Horse-chestnut flowers
Leaves of the Horse-chestnut
The mature flowers are white with red or yellow markings and grow in showy, upright clusters.
The leaves have 5 to 7 leaflets which grow on a 3-7 in/8-18 cm long stalk. The leaflets are 4-10 in/10-25 cm long and 2-5 in/5-13 cm wide, with fine teeth and are dark green above and paler underneath. In the autumn they turn brown or dull yellow.
Developing fruit of the Horse-chestnut
Horse-chestnut bark
The fruit of the Horse-chestnut is covered with prickles. The tree's bark is red-brown or gray and often scaly.
Horse-chestnut fruit
The seeds of the Horse-chestnut are poisonous. In this photograph, the mature fruit has lost its prickly coat. Inside will be one (sometimes two) brown seeds, often called conkers.
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